Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 6th International Conference on Forensic Research & Technology (10 Plenary Forums - 1Event)
Houston, Texas, USA.

Day 2 :

Keynote Forum

Jeanne Marie Stumpf-Carome

Texas Tech University, USA

Keynote: Zoonotic transmission: Tourism at the animal-human-environmental interface

Time : 10:00-10:40

Forensic Research 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Jeanne Marie Stumpf-Carome photo
Biography:

Jeanne Marie Stumpf-Carome completed her PhD at the age of 47 years, University of California, Berkeley, following an M.A. in Anthropology, Case Western Reserve University, 1978, and an M.S. in Urban Studies, Cleveland State University, 1980.  She has pursued post-graduate study at the Gestalt Institute of Cleveland, 1999 to the present.  She is an Associate Professor, Anthropology teaching anthropology and sociology course. She is a Fulbright Scholar 1988-89, Singapore.  She is the Country Specialist for Amnesty International USA, for Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, 1996 to the present.  She is the first Executive Director of The Flats Oxbow Association in Cleveland, Ohio.

Abstract:

Explored in this paper is another facet of my nine-year research project,participant-observation in the small, but growing, niche ecotourism market —endangered non-human primates. My specifi c concerns are the possible tourismrelated pathways of zoonotic disease transmission. Considered here, however, is a less exotic aspect of the animal-humanenvironmental interface, tourist contact with domesticated animals, i.e., livestock. Entering the United States, a Customs Declaration form is “signed.” Item 12 asks “Yes” or “No”: “I have (We have) been in close proximity of livestock: (such as touching or handling).” Th is paper delves the signifi cance and possible consequences of Item 12 of the Customs Declaration form. Aspects of livestock as a “reservoir” of zoonotic transmission became apparent during recent travel in Peru. My research interest for this trip focused on animal-related tourist souvenirs. However, my attention was drawn to the activities of onetraveler. A young person of high school age accompanied by relatives, petted every cat, dog, guinea pig, llama, or alpaca whichcrossed their path. Modes of disease transmission can be by direct contact, oral, reproductive, aerosol, fomate (contaminated inanimate objects), environmental (common source), or vector-borne: petting combines some of these. Over 200 zoonotic diseases are known–bacterial, viral, fungal, parasitic, or by unconventional agents. Disease transmission between animals andhumans can be in either direction, animal-to-human, zoonoses, and human-to-animal, a reverse zoonoses, anthroponoses. As concurrent reservoirs, these diseases can be considered as anthropozoonoses.According to the World Health Organization,“About 75% of the new diseases that have aff ected humans over the past ten years have been caused by pathogens originatingfrom an animal or from products of animal origin. Many of these diseases have the potential to spread through various means over long distances and to become global problems.” In this complicated matrix, considered is the power of one.

Keynote Forum

Paola Prada

Texas Tech University, USA

Keynote: Forensic odorology: A silent and forgotten trace evidence source in criminal investigations

Time : 10:40-11:20

Forensic Research 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Paola Prada photo
Biography:

Paola A Prada received her PhD in Chemistry with a Forensic Science concentration from Florida International University in 2010. She was awarded the 2010 Intelligence Community (IC) Post-doctoral Research Fellowship, funded by the Offi ce of the Director of National Intelligence. Her studies have united interdisciplinary areas such as chemistry, animal behavior and national security to address issues critical to effective intelligence and defense capabilities. She has worked with both national and international police/government agencies to help develop better instrumental and training techniques in various areas of odor detection. She is the Author or Co-author of numerous journal publications, book chapters, and one book dedicated entirely on human scent evidence. She is a Member of the American Chemical Society and theAmerican Academy of Forensic Sciences.

Abstract:

Statement of the Problem: Th e use of human scent as a source of trace evidence for investigative purposes is experiencing a renaissance of valuable forensic research pivotal to law enforcement applications, specifi cally in the realm of canine detection tools. Various challenges have surfaced in courts of law across the world that questions the validity and reliability of this technique that employs biological detectors to alert to human scent traces. Th ere is a limited body of scientifi c literature which pertains to the specifi c human odor signatures a canine alerts to when it makes a positive scent match with a subject. Th e available scientifi c studies investigating the origin and defi nition of human odor have focused mainly on the composition of human sweat in relation to hygiene and biological pathways rather than a more general description of human body odor.Thus, the identifi cation and characterization of key human odor volatiles play an essential role in understanding human scent
evidence as an individualizing physical trait. Methodology & Th eoretical Orientation: An overview of the state of forensic odorology both nationally and abroad is presented giving specifi c cases and experiments that focus on the use of human odor as evidence in forensic applications.
Findings: Th e usefulness of this trace evidence is highlighted by depicting operational applications of the use of human scent and canine teams. Th e research highlights the need for more practical laboratory investigations to understand and validate active canine operations.
Conclusion & Signifi cance: Forensic odorology has witnessed a lengthy developmental process leading to its current status as evidentiary tool. With the help of scientifi c validation eff orts, this technique may prove to be a powerful tool within forensicinvestigative processes worldwide.

Keynote Forum

Donnell R Christian

PBSI Professional Business Solutions, USA

Keynote: Using the Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendments (CLIA) to improve forensic laboratory quality

Time : 11:40-12:20

Forensic Research 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Donnell R Christian photo
Biography:

Donnell R Christian is the Director of Forensic Programs and International Training for Professional Business Solutions, Inc. His experience of more than 30 years as a Forensic Science Practitioner spans the life cycle of forensic laboratory accreditation programs. His career began as a Criminalist with the Arizona Department of Public Safety Crime Laboratory, the third forensic laboratory system to achieve accreditation during the infancy of ASCLD/LAB program. Currently, he works with laboratories in developing democracies; establish quality assurance programs that comply with the standards established by the International Standards Organization (ISO) where he has helped establish ISO Compliant Programs in the former Soviet Republics of Armenia, Georgia and Moldova. His academic credential include Bachelorette degrees in Chemistry and Police Administration, a Master’s in Criminal Justice and Doctoral studies in Police Science with emphasis on International Development.

Abstract:

This presentation will propose an alternative system of the examination and evaluation of physical evidence utilized by the criminal justice system in the United States. Th e premise will be to explore how the utilization of the independent testing process employed by the medical profession can be incorporated into the criminal justice system. It is surmised that the checks and balances that have been incorporated into the testing process used to diagnose and treat disease can be implemented into the laboratory testing of physical evidence used in the investigation and prosecution crime. Th e conclusion will present a suggested model system for improving the objectivity of forensic evidence by utilizing quality assurance principles that currently exist in the medical profession.

  • Forensic Chemistry | Forensic DNS Analysis | Forensic Genetics | Computational Forensics | Forensic Pathology
Location: Salon B

Session Introduction

Ekezie Jervas

Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria

Title: Angular craniofacial photometric analysis of the facial profile of Igalas in Nigeria

Time : 12:20-12:50

Speaker
Biography:

Ekezie Jervas is a Senior Lecturer at the Federal University of Technology Owerri, Nigeria, and former Head of the Department of Anatomy. He attended Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria where he obtained PhD in Anatomy in 2012. He obtained his MSc in Human Anatomy in 2006 and BSc Human Anatomy in 2000 from Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria. He holds a Professional Certifi cate and Professional Diploma in Biomedical Engineering in 2008 from Nigerian Institute for Biomedical Engineering and Technology (NIBET). His is a fellow of College of Biomedical Engineering and Technology (FCEBT). His research interest include bio-anthropology/forensics, musculoskeletal system/ disorder, gait analysis in humans and human performance measurement in health and diseases. He is an Editorial Board Member of Anthropology open access journal (ANTPOJ), International Journal of Forensic Sciences, Forensic Research & Criminology International Journal. He is also Editorial Board Member of 2425 publishers which consists of 4 journals: Medica Press, Clinica Press, Life Science Press and Medica, Clinica and Life Science Imaging. He has over 55 academic publications in peer reviewed journals to his credit. He was the Chairman of the local organizing committee of the 11th Scientifi c Conference of the Society for Clinical and Experimental Anatomists of Nigerian, 2012. He was also the Chairman Scientifi c Committee of the 1st and 2nd International Congress on Health Sciences and Technology, 2016 and 2017 respectively.

Abstract:

Introduction: Th e morphology of the human face varies with individuals and even more with populations and ethnic groups.
Objectives: Th is study aims to determine the mean values of some craniofacial angles of Igala males and females from standardized facial profi le photographs and to compare them with each other and with norms of diff erent ethnic groups proposed by other researchers.
Materials & Methods: Standardized photographs of 1116 Igala subjects, comprising 558 males and 558 females were used for this study. Th e following angles were measured: nasofrontal, nasomental, nasofacial, nasolabial and angle of facial convexity.
Results: Four of the facial angles studied showed sexual dimorphism except the nasolabial angle. Of the four craniofacial angles that have signifi cant sexual diff erences, the males had a higher value only in the nasofacial angle. Nasofacial angle (NFa) had the highest index of sexual dimorphism. Th e mean value of nasolabial angle (Cm-Sn-Ls) as well as facial convexity angle (G-Sn-Pg) found in the Igala is less than that reported in other populations.
Conclusion: Th e result of this study will be useful in orthodontics, anatomical modeling, forensic identifi cation purposes and in plastic surgery to compare the pre- and post-operative results.

Speaker
Biography:

Vantsawa P A is an Animal Physiologist with specialty in Animal Nutrition. His research interest is in Animal Biotechnology. He has attended local and internationalworkshops on Biotechnology. Currently, he is teaching Biotechnology courses at Post-g raduate level.

Abstract:

DNA fingerprinting is a laboratory technique used to establish link between biological evidence and a suspect in a criminal investigation. A DNA sample taken from a crime scene is compared with a DNA sample from a suspect. Because nearly every cell in a person’s body contains the same complete set of DNA, the DNA isolated from dried blood, semen or even a hair found at a crime or suicide bombing scene can be compared to a DNA sample earlier collected from the suspect and can prove who the criminal is just the same as the fi ngerprint of the suspect. Borno state of recent has witnessed an infl ux of Boko Haram returnees from neighboring countries like Cameroun Chad and Niger. Th ere has been increase in the spate of suicide bombings in the IDP camps scattered in various locations in Borno state. Because of the diffi culty of ascertaining those responsible for the bombings, DNA profi ling of all the residence in all the camps will help in identifying those responsible for the bombings through DNA fi ngerprinting. Th is paper will examine the methods of collection of blood samples and profi ling of the residence of the IDP camps using DNA fingerprinting with the view of profi ling their blood samples for future use. In a situation where there are suicide bombings, blood samples at the scene when fetched will undergo screening using DNA fi ngerprinting and through matching with the existing profi le, the culprit can easily be identified. Th e paper will also look at the possibilities of extending this to larger societies especially the returnees from Libya and other countries linked with terrorism.

Speaker
Biography:

Yilwa V M is a Lecturer and Researcher in Genetics, Plant Breeding and Biotechnology. Even though her degree and research work has been in genetics and plant breeding, she has interest in forensic science. Her focus is to develop an interest in the minds of young scientists for forensic science, which may eventually materialize into the development of a fully equipped and functional forensic laboratory

Abstract:

Forensic science is a tool that could be used to solve human problems, which may be threatening the development of a nation. As such, this paper seeks to analyze the prospect of adopting forensic science as a tool that could be utilized to bring about peace-by bringing closure to distressed families, and justice–by identifying and prosecuting guilty persons, which are necessary tools, for the development of a nation. However, the developing world is faced with challenges that have to be surmounted if forensic science will ever see the light of day in such countries. Th e paper discusses some of the challenges facing the developing world. Th ese challenges include funding, awareness/education and training. Th e paper also looks at the prospects and way forward for forensic science in developing communities.

Meel BL

Walter Sisulu University, South Africa

Title: Prevalence of gang rapes in Mthatha region of South Africa

Time : 14:40-15:10

Speaker
Biography:

Abstract:

Background: Gang rape is one of the most conspicuous forms of violence, has reached epidemic proportions in South Africa. It prevalent in all spheres of society and all women are potential victims.
Objectives: To determine the prevalence of gang rapes in Mthatha region of South Africa.
Methods: Th is one-year retrospective study focused on all cases of gang rape reported by complainants over 16 years at Sinawe Rape Crisis Center in Umtata General Hospital during January 2008 to December 2008. Recorded details included the age, addresses, number of perpetrators, relation with perpetrator and physical violence.
Result: Th ere were 379 cases of rape recorded. Of this, 63 (16.6%) were gang rapes. Majority 181 (47.8%) were between the age of 16 and 20 years. Th e highest number 30 (47.6%) were in the area of Mthatha followed by Tsolo 9 (14.3%), Engocobo 9 (14.3%), and Libode 7 (11.1%). In majority 47 (74.6%) of victims had two perpetrators, 10 (15.8%) had three perpetrators, and 3 (4.8%) had four perpetrators. Most of the perpetrators 44 (69.8%) were not known to the victims. Most of the gang rapes were part of robbery and took place at victim’s house.
Conclusion: Th ere is a high prevalence of gang rape in Mthatha area of South Africa.