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32nd International Conference on Forensic Research & Forensic Chemistry , will be organized around the theme “Emerging research in forensic chemistry and science”
Forensic Research 2018 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Forensic Research 2018
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Forensic chemistry is the application of chemistry to law enforcement or the failure of products or processes. Many different analytical methods may be used to reveal what chemical changes occurred during an incident, and so help reconstruct the sequence of events. The wide techniques that come under forensic chemistry are Capillary electrophoresis in forensic chemistry, Applications of icp-ms in chemical analysis of forensic evidence, Laboratory automation in forensics, Case studies of drug profiling, Method development and applications of LC-MS/MS in forensic analysis which is used for the identification of the drug products. In 2012, the global forensic technologies Market was valued at US$8.3 billion and is anticipated to reach a total Market value of US$17.7 billion by the end of 2019, registering a growth rate of 12.4% CAGR.
- Track 1-1Capillary electrophoresis in forensic chemistry
- Track 1-2Applications of icp-ms in chemical analysis of forensic evidence
- Track 1-3Recent advancements in sample preparation and extraction methods in forensic analysis
- Track 1-4Laboratory automation in forensics
- Track 1-5Case studies of drug profiling
- Track 1-6Applications of desi-ms in forensic analysis
- Track 1-7Volta metric analysis of "substance of abuse"
- Track 1-8Method development and applications of LC-MS/MS in forensic analysis
- Track 1-9Applications of scanning electron microscope (SEM) in foot print detection
Digital forensic sciences includes several new topics like Digital evidence protection models, Digital forensic field guides, Digital forensic readiness management system, digital forensics services, Digital image forgery detection, Analysis of electronic signatures, Triage template pipeline models, Digital droplets-cloud computing, Digital forensic tools, Digital imaging and photography, Forensic Document Examination. In 2015, digital forensic sciences service segment is expected to make up about 50.0% of industry revenue. ABI Research calculates that total revenues for the global digital forensic science Market will reach US$2.7 billion by the end of 2015. With the increasing prevalence of mobile devices, forensic evidence extracted from mobile as well as other electronic devices is becoming an invaluable source of evidence for investigators. Digital forensic tools help in analyzing the various digital crimes.
- Track 2-1Digital forensic technologies
- Track 2-2Digital evidance protection models
- Track 2-3Digital forensic field guides
- Track 2-4Digital forensic readiness management system
- Track 2-5Digital forensic investigations- Case reports
- Track 2-6Digital image forgery detection
- Track 2-7Forensic Document Examination
Computational forensics (CF) is a quantitative approach to the methodology of the forensic sciences. It involves computer-based modeling, computer simulation, analysis, and recognition in studying and solving problems posed in various forensic disciplines. It includes various topics like Computational fluid dynamic modeling, Forensic facial approximation, superimposition and reconstruction in forensics, image processing techniques, eye color predictive test, Computer forensic workflow management, Computer based analysis and validation studies, Counter forensics, Cyber forensics. Nearly 30 universities in USA deals with the subject cyber forensics. Target audience will be investigative member, las assistants, the number of people working in this field are more. Approximately 10 labs are dealing with cybercrimes in USA, other than this private investigators also working under this field.
- Track 3-1Cyber forensics
- Track 3-2Superimposition and reconstruction in forensics
- Track 3-3Image processing techniques
- Track 3-4Eye color predictive test
- Track 3-5Computer forensic workflow management
- Track 3-6Counter forensics
- Track 3-7Computational objectivity and visual evidence
- Track 3-8Modern advancements in computer and network forensics
- Track 3-9Computational fluid dynamic modeling
- Track 3-10Forensic facial approximation
Forensic accounting, forensic accountancy or financial forensics is the specialty practice area of accounting that describes engagements that result from actual or anticipated disputes or litigation. The topics that comes under this accounting are Regulations in forensic accounting, Statistical techniques for forensic accounting, Analysis of healthcare fraud which is used for the detection of fraud in health care companies, Fraud risk detection procedures in forensic accounting, Computerized accounting information system (cais). This industry provides services that apply accounting concepts and techniques to legal problems. Forensic accountants investigate and document financial fraud and white-collar crimes. The forensic accounting service Market contains a high number of suppliers and the top four service provider’s account for less than 30.0% of total Market revenue, indicating a low Market share concentration.
- Track 4-1Regulations in forensic accounting
- Track 4-2Statistical techniques for forensic accounting
- Track 4-3Code of ethics and comparison of standards
- Track 4-4Corporate fraud and forensic accounting
- Track 4-5Analysis of healthcare fraud
- Track 4-6Computerized accounting information system (cais)
- Track 4-7Fraud risk detection procedures in forensic accounting
- Track 4-8Forensic Science Policies
Forensic anthropology is the application of the science of anthropology and its several subfields, including Biological Anthropology (Physical) and Cultural Anthropology (Ethnology, Archaeology, Linguistics), in a legal setting. Its main significance includes disaster victim identification, other applications like Novel application of anthropometry, X-ray fluorescence and chemo metric analytical techniques in chemical anthropology, Virtual anthropology and forensic anthropology case reports. The U.S. Bureau of Labour Statistics (BLS) projected a 19% growth in employment for anthropologists and archaeologists from 2012 to 2022. Many universities approximately 10 universities in USA works under forensic anthropology, but private investigators are there under this.
- Track 5-1Forensic anthropology in disaster victim identification
- Track 5-2Novel application of anthropometry
- Track 5-3X-ray fluorescence and chemo metric analytical techniques in chemical anthropology
- Track 5-4Virtual anthropology
- Track 5-5Forensic anthropology case reports
- Track 5-6Advancements in anthropometric measurements
Forensic DNA analysis (also called DNA testing or DNA typing) is a technique employed by forensic scientists to identify individuals by characteristics of their DNA. DNA profiles are a small set of DNA variations that are very likely to be different in all unrelated individuals. It is having good scope for the identification of the DNA of humans, forensic DNA analysis includes various methods like Novel methods of extraction of DNA from weathered and ancient bone fragments, Novel methods of purification of crime scene DNA analysis, the DNA identification techniques includes ABO typing and str testing for forensic DNA analysis, Forensic mitochondrial DNA data analysis, Forensic analysis using portable analyzers Efficient methods for recovery of high quality DNA and RNA in forensic analysis.
- Track 6-1DNA Analysis Techniques
- Track 6-2DNA crime science
- Track 6-3Recent advancements in forensic DNA analysis
- Track 6-4Novel methods of extraction of DNA from weathered and ancient bone fragments
- Track 6-5Novel methods of purification of crime scene DNA analysis
- Track 6-6ABO typing and str testing for forensic DNA analysis
- Track 6-7Forensic mitochondrial DNA data analysis
- Track 6-8Efficient methods for recovery of high quality DNA and RNA in forensic analysis
- Track 6-9Forensic analysis using portable analyzers
- Track 6-10Development and validation of assays for screening of specimens
- Track 6-11Evaluation of forensic DNA profiling methods
- Track 6-12Forensic Bioinformatics
Forensic engineering is the investigation of materials, products, structures or components that fail or do not operate or function as intended, causing personal injury or damage to property, bridge damage evaluations. It had a wider scope in the fields of Accident reconstruction, Human factors assessment in structural failures. The new technologies developed under forensic engineering are chemical engineering investigation analysis, finger print silicone engineering, forensic evaluation using ultrasonic and radar echo techniques. BCC estimates that total sales of forensic products and services were nearly $10.1 billion in 2010 and that sales will grow at a 9.4% compound annual growth rate (CAGR) through 2017 to more than $17 billion.
- Track 7-1Accident reconstruction
- Track 7-2Chemical engineering investigation analysis
- Track 7-3Finger print silicone engineering
- Track 7-4Investigation and analysis of structural engineering failures
- Track 7-5Damage assessments for engineering structures
- Track 7-6Forensic evaluation using ultrasonic and radar echo techniques
- Track 7-7Human factors assessment in structural failures
- Track 7-8Bridge damage evaluations
- Track 7-9Fingerprint detection
Forensic geophysics also called forensic geology is the study, the search, the localization and the mapping of buried objects or elements beneath the soil or the water, using geophysics tools for legal purposes. Forensic archaeology will also come under this department in which archaeological methods are applied to forensic – crime scene – work. Various sub topics includes Analysis of heavy metals and heavy mineral compositions, applications of paleontology for investigations, advanced techniques for soil forensic examinations, geochemical and isotopic tracers, seismology and nuclear tests.
- Track 8-1Analysis of heavy metals and heavy mineral compositions
- Track 8-2Applications of palaeontology for investigations
- Track 8-3Advanced techniques for soil forensic examinations
- Track 8-4Geochemical and isotopic tracers
- Track 8-5Quaternary proxies for analysis of soils and sediments
- Track 8-6Analytical techniques in forensic palynology
- Track 8-7Analytical method development in analysis of submerged objects
- Track 8-8Applications of geophysics to criminal investigations
- Track 8-9Forensic archaeology
- Track 8-10Seismology and nuclear tests
Forensic pathology is a sub-specialty of pathology that focuses on determining the cause of death by examining a corpse. The autopsy is performed by a medical examiner, usually during the investigation of criminal law cases and civil law cases in some jurisdictions. This includes forensic autopsy- case studies, determination of post-mortem interval, MRNA analysis of death investigations, forensic veterinary pathology (application of veterinary medicine to the forensic sciences), and implications in forensic pathology and post mortem interval analysis.
- Track 9-1Forensic autopsy- case studies
- Track 9-2Implications in forensic pathology
- Track 9-3Forensic veterinary pathology
- Track 9-4mRNA analysis of death investigations
- Track 9-5Advancements in forensic pathology
Forensic psychiatry is a sub-specialty of psychiatry and is related to criminology. It encompasses the interface between law and psychiatry. A forensic psychiatrist provides services – such as determination of competency to stand trial – to a court of law to facilitate the adjudicative process and provide treatment like medications and psychotherapy to criminals. This topic has the wide scope which includes behavioral forensic science, criminological studies, recent advancements and techniques in criminal psychology, case studies, and ethical issues in forensic psychology, personality disorders, and recent developments in forensic psychiatry. Around 15 universities are there particularly in North America.
- Track 10-1Criminological studies
- Track 10-2Criminology
- Track 10-3Recent advancements and techniques in criminal psychology
- Track 10-4Case studies of crime and socio-economics conditions
- Track 10-5Behavioural forensic science
- Track 10-6Latest amendments to forensic psychology law
- Track 10-7Ethical issues in forensic psychology
- Track 10-8Risk assessment and case studies
- Track 10-9Personality disorders
- Track 10-10Clinical Psychology
- Track 10-11Sexual Violence
Forensic toxicology is the use of toxicology and other disciplines such as analytical chemistry, pharmacology and clinical chemistry to aid medical or legal investigation of death, poisoning, and drug use. Forensic toxicology includes various identification techniques for drugs and toxic substances. It includes method development analysis and of cannabinoids, challenges in forensic toxicology, includes various analytical techniques like GC-MS. Many research labs and universities are present. Most of the techniques come under pharmacy techniques.
Department of forensic medicine was a section within the Department of Pathology. Forensic medicine deals with the application of scientific medical knowledge to the administration of law, to the furthering of justice, and to the legal relations of the medical practitioner, forensic medicine addresses the physiology of dying, the cause and time of death, and post death phenomena. Forensic medicine deals with offenses against the person or patient. Practitioners of forensic medicine assist in medical-legal investigations by offering expert opinions to help legally authorized individuals understand the medical implications of pathological examinations, including post-mortem examinations (autopsies) of bodies, tissues, organs, and laboratory specimens.
Forensic dentistry is the application of dental knowledge to those criminal and civil laws that are enforced by police agencies in a criminal justice system. Forensic dentists are involved in assisting investigative agencies to identify recovered human remains in addition to the identification of whole or fragmented bodies; forensic dentists may also be asked to assist in determining age, race, occupation, previous dental history and socioeconomic status of unidentified human beings. Forensic odontology has a wider scope. In USA around 6 universities are having this branch, but the targeted audience will be less than compared with research labs and university members. Market analysis is telling that by 2017 it will grow by $2.5 million.
The branch of hereditary qualities that arrangements with the use of genetic knowledge to legitimate issues and lawful procedures. A scientific hereditary quality is additionally a branch of criminological drug which deals all the more extensively with the utilization of therapeutic learning to legitimate matters. A criminological hereditary quality today tends to conjure up DNA. Indeed, even the expression "DNA fingerprinting" is reminiscent of more seasoned techniques for police distinguishing proof. (Advice has been intended for wrongdoing site DNA legal sciences. A plate of glass about the measure of a hand is carved with very thin channels and repositories. A moment test of DNA is moved in the middle of repository and channel through timed electric beats. These slim channels then act like fine tubes and can resolve the constituents of this minute sample of DNA. What regularly would take over a day, once the sample is taken to the lab, now takes just a couple of hours at the wrongdoing scene.)
The U.S. Market for forensic products and services was valued at more than $10.9 billion in 2012 and is expected to reach $11.2 billion in 2013. BCC Research projects the Market to grow to $16.3 billion by 2018, and register a five-year compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 7.8% from 2013 to 2018.
Forensic Entomology is the application and study of insect and other arthropod biology to criminal matters. It also involves the application of the study of arthropods, including insects, arachnids, centipedes, millipedes, and crustaceans to criminal or legal cases. it involves the study of case reports and protocols of forensic entomology.
Forensic nursing practice is "application of nursing science to public or legal proceedings." Forensic nurses investigate real and potential causes of morbidity and mortality in a variety of settings. Forensic Nursing Care responsibilities range from collecting evidence from perpetrators and survivors of violent crime to testifying in court as a fact witness (someone who saw a situation first hand) or an expert witness (someone who offers an opinion of a particular situation). Forensic nurses understand evidence collection, such as forensic photography, for subsequent legal and civil proceedings and are the "bridge between the criminal justice system and the health care system." Skills of the forensic nurse include but are not limited to: observation, documentation, and preservation of evidence, all critical in determining the legal outcome of violent crimes. The largest subspecialty of forensic nursing is sexual assault, closely followed by death investigation, forensic psychiatric nursing and medical-legal consulting.
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Vehicular accident reconstruction is the scientific process of investigating, analyzing, and drawing conclusions about the causes and events during a vehicle collision. Re constructionists are employed to conduct in-depth collision analysis and reconstruction to identify the collision causation and contributing factors in different types of collisions, including the role of the driver(s), vehicle(s), roadway and the environment.
Wildlife forensic science is science that is applied to legal questions involving wildlife. Involves wild life poisoning, advanced wild life forensic techniques, applications of DNA bar-coding in wildlife forensics, animal crime investigation-case studies. Less research is going on under this title.
Forensic sociologists analyze evidence and research to determine negligence in criminal or civil cases. They may visit a crime scene to study how evidence collected relates to the behavior of a defendant. Universities are there under the topics, but only limited research is going on at present.
Forensic Serology is the detection, classification and study of various bodily fluids such as blood, semen, fecal matter and perspiration, and their relationship to a crime scene. A forensic serologist may also be involved in DNA analysis and bloodstain pattern analysis.it may involve in DNA analysis and bloodstain pattern analysis. A forensic serologist’s functions involve the determination of the type and characteristics of blood, blood testing, bloodstain examination, and preparation of testimony or presentations at trial. S/he analyzes semen, saliva, other body fluids and may or may not be involved with DNA typing.
Fingerprints can be left on almost any physical objects or surfaces and when left in the right conditions they can remain there for several years. Each fingerprint is unique to an individual and no two fingerprints have ever been found to be the same. Even identical twins who share similar DNA genetics will have different fingerprints. When analyzing fingerprints each contains patterns that allow them to be classified and distinguished from one and other. Common uses of fingerprint analysis are to help identify an unknown victim, witness, or suspect in a criminal investigation. Fingerprint analysis is also used to verify records and most importantly provide links between a suspect and a crime.
Forensic botany is the study of plant life in order to gain information regarding possible crimes. Most often this means using clues from plants in order to aid in the solution of serious crimes such as murder, kidnapping, and the cause of death of a victim. Many aspects of plant science are employed, including plant anatomy, the study of plants cells; plant taxonomy, which deals with the identification of plants; plant systematics, focusing on plant relationships to other plants; plant ecology, which deals with plants and their environments; and palynology, which is the scientific study of plant pollen and spores.
Forensic photography referred to as crime scene photography, is an activity that records the initial appearance of the crime scene and physical evidence, in order to provide a permanent record for the courts. Crime scene photography differs from other variations of photography because crime scene photographers usually have a very specific purpose for capturing each image. All forensic photography must consider three elements at a crime scene: the subject, the scale, and a reference object. Also, the overall forensic photographs must be shown a neutral and accurate representation.
Forensic investigation is the gathering and analysis of all crime-related physical evidence in order to come to a conclusion about a suspect. Investigators will look at blood, fluid, or fingerprints, residue, hard drives, computers, or other technology to establish how a crime took place. There are a number of different types of forensics.
Types of Forensic Investigation
- Forensic Accounting / Auditing
- Computer or Cyber Forensics
- Crime Scene Forensics
- Forensic Archaeology
- Forensic Dentistry
- Forensic Entomology
Mycology is used in estimating times or death or events by using known growth rates of fungi, in providing trace evidence, and in locating corpses. Forensic mycology is the use of mycology in criminal investigations. It is the most important part of forensic which helps to understand the investigation through various ways. Mycology can contribute to a variety of forensic investigations, including the determination of postmortem intervals from mold growth on corpses, psychoactive substances and toxins, hazards from mold growth in buildings, and providing trace evidence linking people and objects with places. Studies are also starting to be undertaken to explore the use of molecular data on fungi in the characterization of soils. In addition, where there are health concerns, possibly associated with mold growth in buildings, guidance is presented with respect to the collection of samples, and some caveats are given which must be considered in interpretation of data. Attention is drawn to pertinent publications which either appeared, or came to the attention of the authors, since the review they prepared in 2010.
Forensic analysis is a term for an in-depth analysis, investigation whose purpose is to objectively identify and document the culprits, reasons, course and consequences of a security incident or violation of state laws or rules of the organization. Basically, forensic analysis investigates an offense or crime - shows who, how and when something caused. It is often linked with evidence to the court, especially in criminal matters. It involves the use of a broad spectrum of technologies and investigative procedures and methods. Forensic specialists collect different types of information, so they work both with electronic devices and by the traditional way with the information on paper. Forensic analysis is based on Forensics.
Forensic analysis is used in a variety of fields, from criminology to internal investigations of incidents within the organization. Each of them has its own forensic investigation methods. The most common use of forensic analysis in the organization: